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About Feeding points of chickens in autumn egg cages

The hot summer is about to pass, the weather is slowly entering the autumn, and the autumn weather will gradually turn cold. For the chicken farms where the layer cages for sale are chickens , it is a good time for the new laying hens to lay eggs, so the laying hens during this period Users should take scientific and reasonable methods to make laying hens produce more eggs, increase egg production performance, and improve the economic benefits of farmers. What are the breeding points of laying hens in autumn egg cages?

 

 

 

 

1. Adjust the chickens: After entering the autumn, the farmers should pay attention to adjusting the chickens, and the low-yielding laying hens should be eliminated in a timely manner. The weak chickens, the chickens, the chickens with serious sin and the chickens with no therapeutic value should be Elimination will increase feed utilization and increase laying rate of laying hens.

2, increase feed nutrition: After the hot summer, the chickens will be more tired into the autumn, so this period farmers should pay attention to timely adjustment of feed nutrition, after the autumn should feed more animal protein feed, can guarantee that not yet The moulting chicken continues to moult and lay eggs, which promotes the feathered chicken to grow into feathers and restore the eggs as soon as possible.

3, the use of additives: in the process of feeding the laying hens in the fall, farmers can add some additives to improve the laying rate of laying hens. Enhance the body's ability to resist stress and disease, and save feed.

4. Increasing the illumination time: For users who use the open chicken house to raise laying hens, it should be noted that the natural light time will gradually decrease after the autumn, so the farmers should pay attention to moderately supplementing the light. When supplementing the light, the ground light intensity is preferably 3 lux. Turn on the lights twice a day, turn on the lights until dawn at 4 to 5 in the first morning, and turn on the lights until 20 to 21 in the second dark. Turn on the lights during the cloudy days.

5, forced moulting: autumn is the period of laying hens, in order not to affect the economic benefits of farmers, most farmers will choose to force the moulting moulting, forced moulting can promote the simultaneous moulting, and open Production, but pay attention to scientific and effective methods is to ensure the success of laying hens and ensure the key to egg production performance.

6, timely deworming: after entering the fall, farmers should pay attention to the work of deworming, autumn is the best time for egg worms, choose some effective drugs to deworm according to the correct method, give the chickens a safe production surroundings.

 

 

The above is the method of breeding the laying hens in the autumn, so that when using the automatic poultry farming equipment to raise chickens, it will be more efficient and rapid, and bring better breeding income.

 

 

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What is the harm of the poor environment of the farm to the chicks?

The environment of the chicken house is very important for the growth of the chicken. The growth and health of the chicken has been affected by the environment, and the environment is not good, which may cause the chickens to develop diseases in batches. In particular, many farmers now use closed chicken houses, which have higher breeding density and more important environmental problems. If the environment is not good, it will cause harm to the chickens.

1. Hazard performance of low temperature: The chick is just born, has poor resistance, and needs relatively high temperature to ensure health. If the temperature of the brood house at this time is too low, it will cause the chicks to die in large quantities, the chicks will show fluffy, and the piles will be piled up due to the low temperature, and the chicks will have their wings sagged and squeaking. If the low temperature lasts for a long time, it can cause a large number of deaths.

2. High temperature: Although the growth of chicks requires relatively high temperatures, the temperature that continues to be too high will affect the health of the chicks. Temporary high temperature, chicks have certain adaptability and regulation ability, but if the farmers have been keeping the chicks in a high temperature environment for a long time, the body temperature regulation mechanism in the chicken chicken group cannot be resisted. If it exceeds a certain limit, the chick will die. Generally, high-temperature-affected chickens express their mouths and gasp, and they will stay away from the hotter places, the feed intake will be greatly reduced, and the need for water will increase greatly, and the chicks will continue to die. Even if there is no large number of deaths, due to high fever, the growth and development of the chicks will be stagnant due to the decrease in feed intake, and other diseases can be induced.

3. Hypoxia or carbon dioxide poisoning: If the chicks are kept in a closed chicken house, if the farmer does not pay attention to timely and reasonable ventilation, it will easily lead to the phenomenon of carbon dioxide poisoning caused by the lack of oxygen in the house. The method of checking the accumulation of hypoxia and carbon dioxide is the farmer. You can choose to ignite a candle 10 cm from the bottom of the cage. If the candle is not easy to ignite or is quickly extinguished, it means that the house is lack of oxygen or carbon dioxide.

4. Ammonia: The chicken house will produce a large amount of manure every day. If the farmer does not clean the manure in time, it will cause a large amount of ammonia gas to be produced in the manure. When the concentration of ammonia gas exceeds 25ppm, it can stimulate the eye and cause conjunctiva. Inflammation and corneal ulcers can make chicks susceptible to respiratory diseases; when the concentration reaches 80ppm, the appetite of the chicken can be reduced, weight loss, and various diseases can be induced, resulting in batch death of the chicks.

The above is what the author tells the farmers. In the process of using chicken battery cages to raise chicks, the environmental control in the chicken house will cause several hazards to the chicks. It is hoped that farmers can reduce the existence of the above misunderstandings and create a comfortable growth environment for chicks to ensure a good survival rate.

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Ways to improve the efficiency of raising chickens in summer

The summer season is a stage in which chickens are more difficult throughout the year, because the summer battery cage for layers temperatures are high and the chickens are a creature without sweat glands. This stage of the flocks is prone to various diseases and high temperature heatstroke in the house. In order to enable farmers to obtain good economic benefits when using chicken equipment for raising chickens in the summer, what are the methods for improving the efficiency of raising chickens in summer?

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Do a good job of heatstroke prevention and cooling in the chicken house and poultry farming cage equipment. All the ventilation and cooling equipment in the chicken house will be applied, so that the temperature in the chicken house will reach the range suitable for the life of the chicken.

2. Chicken breeding density is appropriate. Planning the density of flock farming is an important part of chicken breeding in summer. If the summer is hot, if the density of the flock is too large, it will easily cause the chicken to suffer from breathing and poor heat dissipation, which will cause the chicken to suffocate and die. Therefore, farmers should arrange the density of the flocks in the summer.

3. Improve the structure of chicken feed. The summer weather is hot and the composition of the chicken feed has to change. In the summer, reduce the energy level in the chicken feed, pay attention to the vitamin content in the chicken feed. Also pay attention to the chickens in the summer season to add sufficient water.

4. Improve the time of the chicken diet. In the summer season, you should choose to feed the chickens in the cool season. Generally, you will choose to feed at night. It is cool from 10:00 to 6:00 in the morning, which is good for chickens. rest.

 

 

 

The above is the way to improve the efficiency of raising chickens in the summer. After all, raising chickens is also to make money, so that the benefits of raising chickens can be improved.

 

 

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Broiler cage disinfection method

During the feeding process, the broiler chickens do not mess with a batch of chickens, and the broiler cages will leave pathogens and pollute the environment. If these pathogens are not eliminated, it is easy to infect the next batch of chickens. Therefore, do a good job in empty house disinfection, so that each batch of chickens have a clean and hygienic living environment, in order to prevent the circulation of various diseases. The specific disinfection methods are as follows:

1. Clean the battery chicken cages

Keep the house fast, clean up thoroughly. Feeding tools such as drums, water dispensers, plastic nets, light bulbs, thermometers and hygrometers, overalls and other utensils must be moved outside. Thoroughly remove dirt such as chicken manure, feathers, coal ash, etc., clean the roof, walls, doors and windows, etc., so that there is no dust inside.

2. Cleaning the chicken cage

Wash the floor, walls and doors and windows frequently. Soak the tools and tools in the chicken cage with disinfectant, rinse with water and dry. There should be no water in the ground of the chicken cage, and any surface inside the chicken cage should be flushed in place, no dead ends, no dirt attached.

3. Overhaul work

Maintain cage tools, repair nets, service circuits, and heating tools. The tool can at least guarantee to raise a batch of chickens, otherwise it should be replaced, and the damaged bulbs should be completely replaced. It is best to use energy-saving bulbs.

4. Governance environment

Remove the debris from the outside drainage ditch; remove the weeds around the chicken cage; so that the drainage is smooth and does not affect the ventilation. Repair the road outside the house and clean the factory area to avoid chicken droppings, feathers and garbage.

5. Chicken cage disinfection

Move tools and utensils into the cage and close the doors and windows and vents. It is required to be closed and tight without leakage, spray disinfection, ventilation after 10 hours of disinfection, and after 3-4 hours of ventilation, close the doors and windows. Ground disinfection should be sprayed with 3% hot alkali water or lime.

6. Fumigation

Solid formaldehyde and potassium permanganate fumigation method are selected. During the empty house disinfection, no one or animal enters the chicken cage. After fumigation, open the doors, windows and vents 24-36 hours, and fully ventilate.

It is far from enough to do the above. In the daily breeding process, the situation in the poultry farming equipment must be observed frequently, and all preventive measures should be taken. The broiler will be less sick, grow faster, and have higher economic benefits.

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Spring egg laying management method

The temperature in the spring begins to rise, the physiological function of the chicken is growing, and various germs are also easy to breed. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the anti-epidemic and health care work of the chicken in the layer chicken cage .

 


In the spring, the outside temperature gradually rises, which is suitable for the chickens to lay eggs. When the temperature of the house rises to 15 °C, it is at the peak of egg production (23~40 weeks old), medium term (41~55 weeks old) and late (56~ Chickens at 72 weeks of age have an upward trend in laying eggs. However, as the temperature increases, the feed intake of the flock will decrease. Therefore, farmers must do a good job in the daily management of the chickens:It is necessary to ensure that the chickens are provided with high-quality, balanced and adequate feed, especially for the chickens at the peak of egg production; to ensure the absolute safety of the water source and to ensure adequate drinking water supply, so as not to affect the performance of the laying of the chickens.

 

 

The temperature difference between day and night in spring is large, which causes the external temperature to change drastically. It is easy to cause unstable egg production in the flock. The egg production rate fluctuates within 2%~3% within 1 week. Management should be based on ventilation, supplemented by ventilation, timely increase the control temperature of the fan, reduce the operating frequency of the fan, ensure that the temperature is stable and appropriate, and reduce the stress caused by temperature fluctuations. When encountering wind or dusty weather, the distance and quantity of ventilation windows should be properly controlled to reduce the air intake, reduce the wind speed, prevent thief winds from attacking and reduce dust.

 

 

 

 

In the spring, all things are revived, and the speed of reproduction of bacteria and viruses is accelerated. Especially in the field where chickens have been raised for many years, it is easy to cause infectious bronchitis, Newcastle disease, avian flu and other diseases, which have irreversible effects on laying eggs. Therefore, in the spring, we should pay attention to the growth and decline of infectious virus bronchitis, chicken Newcastle disease, avian influenza and other viral diseases, and timely replenishment to maintain the stability of egg production.

 


Develop a detailed immunization program and complete the immunization with quality, especially the immunity of avian flu and Newcastle disease, because spring is the high season for both diseases. Some farm households have chosen to reduce ventilation in order to avoid the spring instability factors that cause disease in the flock. It is precisely because of this that the harmful gases in the chicken house and the growth of pathogenic microorganisms have caused a greater harm to the chickens. Spring breeder breeders should develop the habit of opening windows in the daytime, diligently closing the window at night, and observing the temperature regularly. When the morning sun comes out and the temperature rises gradually, the ventilation window or shed cloth can be properly opened to ensure that there is enough fresh air in the house; when the temperature drops in the evening, the ventilation facilities such as small windows are closed. Guarantee the temperature inside the house at night.

 

When we raising chciken in poultry farming equipment It is necessary to do a good job of disinfecting the environment inside and outside the house and the drinking water pipeline, and reduce the content of harmful substances as much as possible. In order to ensure that the laying performance of the flock is better in the spring, attention should be paid to the improvement of hardware facilities to reduce the impact of stress factors on the flock.

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What are the advantages and disadvantages of broiler cages?

In recent years, with the increasing intensification of broiler culture, the use of broiler cages to raise chickens has attracted more and more attention and rapid development in the industry.

Benefits of broiler cages:

1. Broiler rearing equipment can greatly increase the stocking density of the unit building area. For example, in a four-layer overlapping cage, the flat density of the chicken house can reach 100 per square meter. In a traditional broiler house of 12 meters x 100 meters, the ground level is raised from 15,000 to 20,000 per batch. The amount of breeding in each batch can reach 60,000 to 80,000, that is, within the same building area, the breeding amount is increased by more than 4 times.

2. It is possible to carry out group feeding of males and females, make full use of the growth characteristics of broiler chickens of different genders, increase the feed conversion rate, and make the specifications of the listed cockroaches more consistent and increase economic income.

3. Because cage culture limits the activity of broiler chickens and reduces energy consumption, the production cycle of broiler chickens of the same weight is shortened by 12% and feed consumption is reduced by 13%.

4. Chickens are not in contact with feces, and diseases such as coccidia are reduced.

5. No need for litter, saving the cost of litter.

6. Cage raising facilitates mechanized operation, which can improve labor productivity, greatly reduce labor costs, facilitate scientific management, and obtain optimal economic benefits.

The main disadvantages of broiler cages are:

1. One-time investment in poultry farming equipment is large.

2. Chicken drinking water is limited to two nipples, and sometimes there is insufficient drinking water.

3. Three layers of cages, the underlying lighting is insufficient, affecting growth.

4. The incidence of chest and toe disease is high, and the environment and nutritional conditions are high.

Adopting the model of broiler raising and net broiler, the profit of broiler breeding is less and less. In order to further increase the scale and land utilization rate, the breeding effect will be improved through the scale effect. Broiler cages are very advantageous in scale and management. Stereoscopic or stepped cages are quietly emerging. This farming method is the development trend of broiler farming in the future.

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How can we disinfect broiler farms?

Disinfection is the physical or chemical method of destroying pathogens that remain on different vectors, thereby cutting off the route of transmission and preventing and controlling the occurrence of infection. Disinfection can prevent the spread of pathogens and infectious diseases. Especially important for broilers raised in chicken cages.

 

 

The battery cage for broilers farm disinfection is divided into two types: chicken disinfection and empty house disinfection. The effective disinfection determines the success or failure of the culture. Disinfection is the basic link in the whole feeding process. The following is a specific disinfection method:

 

 

Disinfection with chicken is a certain concentration of disinfectant liquid sprayed on chicken houses and poultry farming equipmen. It is an effective way to prevent and cure various chicken diseases. It can not only kill the virus, but also reduce the dust in the chicken house. It purifies the air to prevent the infection and spread of respiratory diseases. At the same time, it can adjust the temperature inside the house. In the summer, the temperature in the house can be adjusted. The chickens can be disinfected frequently, and the chicken manure can be prevented from producing carbon oxide, carbon dioxide and ammonia. And other harmful gases. In addition to the primary disease chicken, the pathogen mainly comes from the chicken inhalation and the introduction of people, cars and objects into the chicken house and then spread to the chickens. In order to control the occurrence of chicken disease in time, it is an important means to do a good job of air disinfection. Disinfection method with chicken: Broiler feeding is basically completed at the end of brooding. When the ventilation is gradually increased, the chicken is disinfected in the chicken house. Generally, the chicken house is 2-3 days after the second week of age. With a backpack sprayer, the spray head will be sprayed upwards, and the inner and the outer step will gradually step back spray. Once every three weeks, it can be used once a day. When entering the five-week age, it is twice a day in the morning and evening. The closed chicken house can be used after the big mouth bottle is added. Place it at the air inlet, and as the air enters the house, the disinfectant enters to achieve the effect of air disinfection. Disinfecting with chicken is generally a non-irritating, non-corrosive disinfectant. The commonly used disinfectant is a disinfectant containing iodine. The pure iodine solution is preferred.

 

 

 

 

 

 

After the broiler is out of the bar, rinse it first, then use 0.5% peracetic acid or a disinfectant containing chlorine to spray the solution as required. Spray it from top to bottom. Close the door and window immediately after spraying. Open the door and window to remove the padding after one day. The aim is to eliminate bacteria and viruses on the air and litter surfaces in the house. Disinfection should be thoroughly cleaned from top to bottom and from left to right. There is no weed, no garbage and no pollutants in the farm. It is necessary to move all the chicken equipment to the outside and wash it with water and then soak it with disinfectant. disinfection. The key to the thorough disinfection of the house is the one-time washing and disinfection. The disinfection must be added to the flushing. The flushing water must use tap water or well water. It cannot be considered as flushing without any drugs or using unclean water to wash the house. Not only does this not kill the bacteria and viruses in the house, but it also allows them to penetrate deep into the ground and cracks in the house.

 

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How to improve the eggshell quality of laying hens?

Farmers who breed laying hens know that the eggshell quality of laying hens is an important indicator of the quality of laying hens. The quality of the eggshell directly determines the breakage rate of the egg and affects the production benefit of the laying hen. The nutritional factors of eggshell quality are mainly the calcium and phosphorus content and proportion in the diet, vitamins, trace elements, electrolyte balance and so on.

1. Ensure the intake of calcium in chickens and the retention time of calcium in the body: Considering the effect of calcium retention time on the quality of eggshells, when the dietary calcium content reaches the theoretical standard, it must also ensure the calcium feed. The particle size (8~12 mesh is good) makes it suitable for chicken absorption and utilization. The experiment proved that: using a full-thickness diet containing 3.5%~4% calcium, the calcium retention in the body after cooking is only 50%. Since the eggshells usually begin to deposit at dusk, the chickens do not get enough calcium supplements at night, which is why the eggshell quality is generally poor when feeding the whole powder diet for a long time. It can be overcome by adding 1% to 1.5% of calcium powder in the diet after 3 pm.

2. Control the effective phosphorus content and the ratio of calcium to phosphorus: the effective phosphorus content in the diet of the laying hen is maintained at about 0.4%, and the eggshell quality is better when the ratio of calcium to phosphorus is 4:1 to 6:1. However, if the effective phosphorus content is too high (0.45% or more), it will cause relatively insufficient calcium and high phosphorus and low calcium.

3. Vitamin supplement: Vitamin D3 is a necessary substance for calcium and phosphorus metabolism in laying hens. It can promote the absorption and conversion of calcium and phosphorus in the intestine, and can overcome the improper proportion of calcium and phosphorus to some extent. Generally, the amount added per kg of feed is 2,000 to 2,500 international units. The quality of eggshells is significantly reduced when vitamin D3 deficiency, failure, or other substances that interfere with vitamin D3 metabolism, such as aflatoxin or other fat-soluble vitamins.

4. Adding trace elements: Manganese and zinc are of particular importance in trace element premixes. At high egg production rates and high stocking densities, at least 70 grams of manganese or an equivalent amount of zinc or slightly higher per ton of feed is required. The magnesium can guarantee the quality of the eggshell, but high manganese will inhibit the absorption of zinc.

5. Maintain electrolyte balance: Chlorine is acidic in chickens, and high levels of chlorine are harmful to eggshells. Because the metabolic acid produced by high chlorine inhibits carbonic anhydrase, hinders the conversion of bicarbonate to carbonate; it also affects calcium and phosphorus metabolism in chickens. Sodium and potassium are alkaline in chickens and can be substituted with each other in a ratio of 1:1 to counteract the effect of excess chlorine in the diet containing normal amounts of sodium and potassium on the eggshell. Studies have shown that in the diet with normal calcium and phosphorus content, baking soda can be used instead of 0.1%~0.5% salt to effectively regulate the acid-base balance in the body, reduce the eggshell breakage rate, and add 0.3%~1% baking soda. Improve the hardness of the eggshell.

The above is how to improve the eggshell quality of laying hens when using chicken cages to raise chickens. I hope to help farmers.

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What are the costs of fully automatic chicken equipment?

There are many benefits to using chickens in fully automatic poultry farming. For large-scale farmers, it is easier to raise chickens. What are the main functions of fully automatic chicken equipment?

 

Ventilation equipment. Because the chciken poultry farm cage is closed and not ventilated, mechanical ventilation is required. In order to achieve the purpose of heating and heat preservation, electric heating, plumbing, coal stove, etc. can be used. Water supply equipment, using a water-free drinking fountain, not only sanitary but also water-saving. Feeding equipment. The bucket can be used for feeding. The common use is the trough, the long trough, and the shape of the trough has a great influence on the feeding of the chicken. Egg collection equipment. Chicken farms with a high degree of mechanization use automatic conveyor belt collection, which is relatively efficient, but the damage rate is relatively high. Lighting equipment. Many chicken farms are equipped with timed automatic control switches, which replace the manual switch chickens. The automatic chicken equipment mainly contains what can guarantee sufficient light time.

 

 

 


What are the costs of fully automatic chicken equipment for farmers? Nowadays, the chicken industry is constantly in the process of large-scale farms or small-scale farms. It is inseparable from the automatic chicken equipment. Especially the chicken cages have become the main breeding equipment and methods for the chicken industry. Chicken equipment for raising chickens can improve the efficiency of raising chickens for farmers, increase the efficiency of raising chickens, and also save the cost of raising chickens. So what can be saved by raising chickens in automatic chicken equipment?


1. The use of chicken equipment for chicken cage farming can increase the number of chickens raised for the farmers, because the multi-dimensional three-dimensional feeding method used in the chicken cage can fully utilize the advantages of the upper space of the chicken house, and the floor space is small, so that This allows the farmers to reduce the construction of the house area, thereby saving a lot of land lease fees and reducing the cost of investment.

2. During the process of raising chickens using chicken equipment, the farmers are not easy to contact the feces in the chicken house because they are raised from the ground. This will reduce the spread of pathogens and reduce the disease of the chickens. It saves the medical cost of the farmer's investment, and many farmers will prepare the chicken-removing equipment to use the manure machine, which can realize the automatic defecation, timely clean the feces in the chicken house and avoid the ammonia gas in the chicken house. Reduce the incidence of flocks.

3. During the process of raising chickens in chicken cages using chicken equipment, farmers are able to manage the chickens more conveniently because they are kept in cages, so that the chickens do not need to be reconstituted. This increase in labor costs also saves farmers a lot of labor costs.

4. In the process of using chickens with automatic chicken equipment, the activity of the chickens will be greatly reduced, and the consumption of feed energy will also be reduced, so that the conversion rate of feed will be greatly improved. It can save farmers a lot of feed costs.

5. When farmers use chicken equipment to raise chickens, the use of chicken equipment can ensure the uniformity and sufficiency of the flocks, so that the overall uniformity of the flocks can be greatly improved, thus bringing them into the market. Great advances, allowing farmers to recycle costs as early as possible.

 

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Precautions in the use of broiler cage wet curtains

The wet curtain of one of the broiler rearing equipment is an indispensable cooling device for summer farms. However, when the wet curtain is not used for a long time, it must be checked regularly to prevent the equipment from reaching the cooling effect and shortening the life when it is used again in the coming year. Also pay attention to the maintenance of the wet curtain when using it in normal times. Now let's talk about the precautions in using the wet curtain so that the farmers can refer to it.

1. After the farmer has finished using the wet curtain, before shutting off the water source, let the fan continue to turn for 30 minutes or even longer, so that the wet curtain is completely dry before stopping. This helps prevent the growth of algae and avoids clogging of pumps, filters and water pipes. Algae can grow on any light, moist, bare surface. Here are some suggestions for preventing their growth: chlorine and bromine are two very common chemicals that prevent algae from growing. However, it is potentially harmful to the wet curtain core and should be used with caution.

1) Do not use water from an open pond.

2) Use water with good water quality.

3) Cover the water supply tank to prevent exposure to sunlight and air.

4) After cutting off the water source, let the fan run for a while.

5) The water self-sufficiency system is isolated from other systems.

6) Keep the wet curtain away from direct sunlight.

2. Cleaning: If the dust in the air tends to block the passage of airflow, the normal operation of the system can usually remove these obstacles. If necessary, use low pressure steam to spray or gently wash. Never use chemicals such as chlorine or other pungent odors.

3. Proper water level: Do not spill water from the system. If the water level is too high, the bottom of the wet curtain will always be soaked in water to become overfilled, which will affect the medium's self-supplied water system and shorten its service life.

4. Maintain drainage: As the water evaporates, new water is continuously replenished, and during the water cycle, salt and minerals are left behind. To reduce the formation of deposits and scale, an automatic drain is required. Because the drainage rate is 5%-10% of the evaporation rate, and the evaporation rate mainly depends on the hardness of the water and the level of air pollution. The drainage rate under normal operating conditions should be 20% of the maximum evaporation rate under poor conditions.

5. Annual downtime: At the end of each quarter, drain all water from pumps, sinks, storage rooms, and wet curtains. If some water remains in the system, it will accumulate sediment and produce algae. When it is used again, it will block the water pump, the water pipe channel and the hole in the wet curtain.

 

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What should you pay attention to when raising chickens in layer cages?

In the process of raising chickens in layer chicken battery cages, the light is also very important for the chicken flocks. Farmers need to properly illuminate the chicken flocks to achieve good results. Therefore, in the process of lighting the chicken cages, most of them need to use artificial light, which is beneficial to the healthy growth of the laying hens. The following reminds farmers of the points that need attention when artificially lighting the chicken flock.

1. The light should be stable: the time that the average farmers choose to compensate the light for the laying hens starts from the age of 19 weeks. When you start setting the lighting time, you should add it slowly from short to long, and add half an hour a week. Farmers should be aware that when the light is added to 16 hours a day, it should be kept in stable light. Then the light of the day can't be long or short. The good way is to make up each time sooner or later.

2. The intensity should be appropriate: the farmers should pay attention when selecting the light intensity of the lighting equipment. For normal laying hens, the required light intensity is generally 2.7 watts, but the egg cage culture uses a multi-layered three-dimensional culture. Therefore, the bottom group of chickens are not easy to feel the light, so it should be improved when setting the light intensity, generally 3.3 to 3.5 watts per square meter.

3. Illumination should be uniform: the farmers should pay attention to the time when the equipment is equipped with light. The author suggests that the bulbs in the chicken houses of the farmers should be 40 to 60 watts, and then the height of the lamps should be about 2 meters. The distance between the light bulbs is recommended to be about 3 meters. Other farmers should pay attention to the fact that if your house requires more than two rows of light bulbs, they should be arranged in a cross so that it is good for the light, evenly against the wall. The distance should be half of the bulb spacing. Also note that the damaged bulb should be replaced at any time and the bulb should be scrubbed once a week to maintain proper brightness in the house.

4. It is advisable to use red light: there are many kinds of light colors in the lighting equipment. The farmers should pay attention to the difference of the light color of the lighting equipment when they are selected, and the wavelengths are different. Tests have shown that hens raised under red light have higher egg production rates than hens under other light conditions when other conditions are the same, so it is recommended that farmers choose red light equipment.

The above four points are described for the farmers. In the process of raising chickens in layer chicken cages, the “four attentions” when the laying hens are used to make up the light, the farmers must make reasonable plans to make up the light. The laying performance of laying hens lays the foundation.

 

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Management of nipple drinking water system for laying hens

Today, most chicken farms have begun to use drinking water nipples because they save water and labor. Drinking water hygiene is very important for the health of the flock in poultry farm cage, so no matter what drinking water system is used to feed the chicken, the hens drinking water system must be carefully managed.

 

 

 

 

 


1. When the nipple drinking system works normally, the nipple drinking water system controls the output water volume through the pressure regulator, so it should be noted that the water pressure is adjusted weekly. Keep the water pressure low when the chicken is small, so that the water can flow more easily to the nipple, and when the nipple is very light, the chicken can flow out. As the broiler grows, water pressure should be increased to increase the amount of water. If the water pressure regulation of the nipple drinking system is not good, it will cause the broiler to have insufficient moisture or the litter to be wet.


2. It is also recommended that the height of the nipple should be adjusted frequently when using the nipple drinking system. The height of the nipple can be adjusted every two days two weeks ago, and the height of the nipple can be adjusted every two weeks.


3. When installing the nipple drinking system, it should be noted that the ground of the chicken cage or the chicken house should be smooth and flat. If it is not flat, the height of the drinking water system should be adjusted frequently to ensure normal water pressure.


4. During the use of the nipple drinking system, the system air plug can be selected, especially when the chicks have just entered the house and the water pressure setting of the nipple drinking system is low. Air plugs usually first appear in the upper part of the waterline. Therefore, to adjust the waterline lifting system to keep the waterline straight, in order to further reduce the impact of the airlock, the water pressure regulator of the pacifier drinking water system should be slightly raised to remove water. The air inside the tube. Under normal conditions, when you start using the nipple drinking system, raise the water regulator of the nipple drinking system for one to two feet for a few seconds so that the air in the pipe can be drained with water. When raising the end of the water pressure regulator, do not hold the water pressure regulator directly. This will easily damage the plastic tube of the water pressure regulator. Instead, use a metal pad under the water pipe or use a slide bar to lift the water pipe.


5. When choosing the drinking water of the chicken, pay attention to the quality of the water. One of the lakes should be filtered before entering the nipple drinking system. The filter should be inspected at least once a week and replaced if necessary. Special problems such as precipitation of metal substances, precipitation of minerals, and bacterial contamination in water pipes require the use of a filter with backwashing function to solve the problem of using salt as a solvent, using a water softening device, and adding a disinfecting device to the drinking water system in automatic poultry farming.

 

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Is it better to raise chickens in cages or raise them in the flat?

More and more people choose to raise chickens. Large-scale farms still put laying hens in layer chciken cages. It is better to raise cages and raise them. This is the common breeding method for raising chickens. Some have just entered chickens. The farmers of the industry do not know what kind of breeding method to choose, so they always ask whether the laying hens in the chicken farm are caged or raised? Chickens can be raised according to their own needs. It does not say which breeding method is good. It can only be said that which farming method is more suitable, and this requires farmers to comprehensively consider the chicken breeds raised in the chicken farms and the scale of breeding, so as to choose the most suitable breeding method.

 

 

 

 

 


1.Flattening

The net raises the chicken on a special net bed, which consists of a bed frame, a bottom net and a fence. It can be taken locally, and wood, bamboo and steel can be used. The size of the mesh is suitable for chicken feet without falling into the chicken. If a metal mesh bed is used, it can be made of 12 to 14 galvanized iron wire. The mesh size is 1.25 cm X 1.25 cm. The bottom net is 50 to 60 cm from the ground. The size of the net bed can be designed according to the size of the house, but there should be enough walkways for operation. Adopting online raising, the stocking density can be 50% to 100% more than the ground free-range. Online flat management is convenient, labor intensity is small, and chickens and chicken manure have less contact, which can significantly reduce the incidence of coccidiosis, but the investment is relatively large, and the incidence of chest cysts in chickens is more. In order to reduce the incidence of chest cysts in broilers, a layer of elastic square mesh or a nylon net can be used on the net. Disadvantages: Egg collection is a bit unreasonable and may have a high probability of breakage.

 

2. Cage

The cage is actually a three-dimensional chicken. They are kept in cages from shelling to sale. As the age and weight increase, it is generally possible to use the wording method of the transfer layer and the cage. The meat chicken cage is easy to mechanize and automate management. The utilization rate of the chicken house is high, the cost of fuel, litter and labor can be reduced, and the diseases such as coccidiosis can be effectively controlled, but the investment in caged chicken is large. The incidence of thoracic cysts is high, and there are more sternal flexion and soft leg disease. However, improving the structure of the cage bottom material, such as the elastic plastic cage bottom, will greatly reduce the incidence of chest cysts in broilers. Disadvantages: The frequency of insemination is high, and the semen rate is not well determined.

 

 


Is it better to raise chickens in chicken battery cages or raise them in the flat? Through the above analysis, we also understand that it is the best way to raise chicken according to your actual situation, so as to maximize the benefits of chicken raising.

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Points to note when using layer cages to configure feed

In the process of using layer rearing equipment, the flocks need more nutrients, and the daily feed of the flocks needs to be configured according to the nutrients required by the flocks. Allow the chickens to balance their nutrition and let the laying hens perform well. But to configure the diet, we must pay attention to reasonable science. The author below gives the farmer an introduction to the points required to configure the feed in the layer cage.

1. The salt content should not be too high: salt is a raw material that must be added in the process of formulating the feed. It can enhance appetite and prevent the occurrence of cockroaches and anus. However, if the farmer adds too much salt to the chicken feed, it will lead to thirst. Then there will be a lot of water, which will cause the hens to drink too much water and often have strong diarrhea. In addition, the farmer must control the amount when adding salt to avoid excessive salt content in the feed, causing diarrhea in the laying hen.

2. The amount of stone powder added should not be too high: stone powder is also a kind of raw material that farmers often add when formulating feed. However, farmers should pay attention to the fact that if the amount of stone powder added in the diet is too much or too fast, it will lead to high blood calcium in the laying hens, increased kidney burden, causing kidney swelling and eventually diarrhea. When formulating the feed, the author reminded the farmers that the amount of stone powder to be added should gradually increase with the increase in the egg production rate of the laying hen, and it is not possible to add too much at one time.

3. The crude protein level should not be too high: protein is a nutrient raw material for laying hens. Generally, the content of crude protein in the feed of laying hens is about 16%, so the farmers should strictly control the content, the protein content in the feed is too high or the egg energy ratio is unbalanced, which may cause the liver and kidney function of the laying hen to weaken. It causes a large amount of urate deposition and even gout.

4. Prevent moldy changes of raw materials: high temperature and high humidity weather, it is easy to cause mildew in feed, and moldy feed farmers should not feed them. Because the moldy feed contains some toxins, these toxins will stimulate and destroy the intestinal mucosa in the laying hens, which will lead to increased permeability of the intestinal mucosa in the laying hens, causing diarrhea in the laying hens.

The above is the author's description of the farmers, in the process of using chicken in the layer battery cages to raise the chicken, the farmers to prepare the four precautions of the feed, I hope the above description can bring some help to the farmers.

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